ROBERT GOULD SHAW AND THE 54th MASSACHUSETTS REGIMENT MEMORIAL:
Erected on Boston Common in 1897, this monument honors the first all-black regiment
of soldiers recruited to fight for the Union Army in the Civil War. Shaw was the
white colonel who perished with his men during an 1863 attack on Fort Wagner, S.C.
The regiment was later immortalized in the 1989 film Glory starring Denzel Washington
and Matthew Broderick.
SPANISH-AMERICAN WAR MEMORIAL: Located on the
third floor of the State House, this memorial features a statue of former Governor
Roger Walcott (1896–1900) backed by a group of murals commemorating Massachusetts’
participation in several wars, including the Spanish-American War. Wolcott was a
huge booster of that war, devoting $500,000 of state money to the effort and ensuring
that Massachusetts troops were the first to serve on the battlefield.
NEW ENGLAND HOLOCAUST MEMORIAL: Not all victims
of war are soldiers, a lesson driven home most horrifically during World War II,
when the Nazis took the lives of millions of Jews. In 1995, an effort by a group
of concentration camp survivors resulted in the erection of six, 54-foot-high glass
towers in Carmen Park in downtown Boston near Faneuil Hall. Engraved on the towers
are six million numbers, reflecting the people murdered in the Holocaust.
KOREAN WAR MEMORIAL: This memorial honoring
soldiers from South Boston who fought and died in Korea from 1950–1955 is
located on Castle Island at Fort Independence. Twenty names are engraved on the
memorial, and the left flagpole is dedicated to Leonard Moran, who died heroically
during a training exercise accident following his service in Korea. Located at William
J. Day Blvd., South Boston; call 617-268-5744.
MEMORIAL CHURCH: The walls of Memorial Church
at Harvard Yard feature engravings to Harvard alumni killed in battle. The church
was originally dedicated on Armistice Day in 1932 to Harvard and Radcliffe College
alumni who died during World War I. As the decades passed, memorials have been added
reflecting Harvard casualties from World War II, Korea and Vietnam. Located in Cambridge
at Harvard Yard, across from Widener Library; call 617-495-5508.